Curso de Inglés Nivel Intermedio

LOS CURSOS DE INGLES GRATIS PREFERIDOS POR LOS HISPANOHABLANTES

 

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Simple Past vs Present Perfect
Pasado Simple vs Presente Perfecto

Escucha con atención y repite luego los ejemplos.

SIMPLE PAST: Completed events at a definite time in the past

PASADO SIMPLE: Acontecimientos finalizados en un determinado momento del pasado

Did you eat snails at the
restaurant last night?
No, I didn't.

¿Comiste caracoles en el 
restaurante anoche?
No (no lo hice).

Did you go out for dinner
on Saturday?
Yes, I did.

¿Saliste a cenar 
el sábado?
Sí (lo hice).

I went to a Korean restaurant
last week.

Fui a un restaurante coreano
la semana pasada.

PRESENT PERFECT: Events within a time period up to the present

PRESENTE PERFECTO: Acontecimientos durante un período de tiempo hasta el presente

Have you ever eaten snails?
No, I haven't.

¿Has comido alguna vez caracoles?
No (no lo he hecho).

Have you been to a French restaurant?
Yes, I have.

¿Has ido alguna vez a un
 restaurante francés?
Sí (lo he hecho).

I've never been to a Greek restaurant.

No he ido jamás a un
restaurante griego.

ENLACES UTILES

Pasado Simple

Presente Perfecto

 
 
 
 

 

CARACTERÍSTICAS A TENER EN CUENTA PARA ESTOS TIEMPOS VERBALES  ...

Con una acción finalizada en el pasado (yesterday; last week; in 1988; six months ago) sólo se puede utilizar el Pasado Simple. No debe utilizarse el Presente Perfecto ya que éste implica que la acción iniciada en el pasado continúa vigente en el presente. Aquí tienes algunos ejemplos:

I saw Jack yesterday (incorrecto:  I have seen Jack yesterday ); 
Where were you last night?
(incorrecto:  Where have you been last night?); 
We didn't take a vacation last year
(incorrecto:  We haven't taken a vacation last year ); 
When did they arrive?
(incorrecto:  When have they arrived?). 

Observa ahora estas comparaciones entre ambos tiempos verbales:

I have lost my key
o  I lost my key

pero

I lost my key yesterday
(no  I have lost my key yesterday)

Have you ever been to Italy?

pero

Did you go to Italy last year?

AHORA PODRAS PRACTICAR AMBOS TIEMPOS VERBALES ...


Activity 26: Guiándote por los 16 verbos de la lista, completa cada espacio en blanco con la FORMA VERBAL CORRECTA (no debes repetir ningún verbo en las oraciones). Verifica luego las respuestas correctas ...

be / was-were / been (ser, estar)
break
/ broke / broken (romper)
bring
/ brought / brought (traer)
buy
/ bought / bought (comprar)
decide
/ decided / decided (decidir)
do
/ did / done (hacer)
drive
/ drove / driven (conducir)
eat
/ ate / eaten (comer)

forget / forgot / forgotten (olvidar)
give
/ gave / given (dar, entregar)
have
/ had / had (tener, comer)
make
/ made / made (hacer, preparar)
ride
/ rode / ridden (montar, cabalgar)
skip
/ skipped / skipped (saltarse)
take
/ took / taken (llevar)
try
/ tried / tried (probar comidas)

1

We have never    to a Chinese restaurant.

2

  all the ingredients to make feijoada with me.

3

  you eat a huge dinner at Morrison Tavern last night?

4

We    my mother to the new Chilean restaurant in Puerto Mont.

5

I haven't    a birthday gift to my grandfather yet.

6

Have you ever    a horse? I did it yesterday and it's really great!!

7

I have never    snails. What are they like?

8

Have you    what kind of pizza you would like to eat?

9

  this  for $ 5 this morning.

10

Oh, I'm sorry. I just    this glass.

11

Victor    Chinese chicken for dinner and it was delicious!!

12

I wasn't very hungry this morning, so I    breakfast.

13

Oh, no!! I    to buy rice and some fruit at the supermarket.

14

Have you ever    a sports car?

15

  Peruvian Ceviche for the first time when I was 12.

16

Have you ever    Patagonian Lamb? It's delicious.

En la página siguiente completarás la práctica de PRESENTE PERFECTO y PASADO SIMPLE.

 

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