Lee aquí si no
ves las consolas de audio o no escuchas el sonido
de las lecciones.
Realiza todas las
actividades de cada unidad de estudio y
consulta las respuestas.
Puedes consultar el diccionario
Babylon ubicado en la parte superior de la columna derecha.
tu examen final cuando termines las 60 lecciones y los 2
tests parciales de este curso.
The ice cream
ACTIVITY 26: Quickly
read the article below and choose the most appropriate title from the
menu. Then check the correct answer.
Don't worry if there are some words you don't know: you should be able
to get the general idea without needing to use your dictionary.
In ancient times, ices of any kind were
pretty unusual (except in winter). In about the 3rd century BC, the
Chinese realised they could store blocks of frozen river water
underground until summer. The practice gradually spread to the west, and
it allowed iced desserts to be regularly served in royal palaces.
The ancient Romans even managed to make a deep-freeze in the North
African desert: a tub of water was set in the bottom of a deep hole, and
exposed each night to the clear skies above.
Heat radiated freely away until just
before dawn, when thick layers of straw were placed on top to act as
insulation. In a few days, Roman cooks had a block of ice to play with.
Such skills were lost after the collapse of the Roman Empire, and ices
remained a product of the fabled East.
In the Middle Ages, the Christian Crusaders greatly appreciated them, when
they were not busy attacking the Muslims in Palestine, and in time iced sherbets
spread from Arab courts to Sicily and on to Renaissance Italy. (The Venetian
explorer Marco Polo is said to have brought recipes for frozen milk desserts
back from the Far East in 1295.) Catherine de Medici - or her Florentine cooks -
took the tradition to the court of France in the mid-16th century.
WINDSOR ICE CREAM
Charles II picked up the idea when in exile in France, and after his return in
1660 gave England its first ice house. But Britain's first true ice cream was
eaten at Windsor in 1677. It probably contained much
coarser crystals than we are used to today.
AN IMPORTANT DISCOVERY
The ice cream churn was invented by an American, Nancy Johnson, in 1846. The
first ice cream factory opened in Baltimore, Maryland, in 1851. But the
popularity of ice cream might not have spread without Italo Marchiony, who arrived in Hoboken,
New Jersey from Italy in 1895 and sold ice cream and
lemon ice from a pushcart on New York's Wall Street. He used liquor glasses to
serve his confections to stockbrokers and Wall Street runners. But many of the glasses broke or were taken and had to be washed after
each serving. Marchiony devised a better way to serve ice cream: an edible cup
known today as the ice cream cone.
The hand-powered ice cream churn has scarcely changed since its invention 150
years ago. A metal container sits inside a wooden tub; the space between
them is packed with ice and salt, and the inside container filled with the
As the paddles rotate, they prevent large ice crystals
forming. Just clamp on the top and turn the handle. In a few minutes you'll
be in the real ice cream business.
THE LANGUAGE OF ICE CREAM
"REAL ICE CREAM: made of air, water, milk/cream and sugar, stirred constantly
in a subzero environment
WATER ICES: based on frozen, flavoured syrup or fruit puree. Made in much the
same way as real ice cream
SORBETS OR SHERBETS: made like water ices, but with an egg-white stirred in
after freezing to give a soft-scoop texture.
Finally, find the answers to these questions reading
carefully the text once again and choosing the answers from the menus (two
answers are NOT correct). Then check
According to the
article above, who ...
developed the practice of storing ice underground?
helped to spread the use of iced desserts from Arab courts to Renaissance
helped to spread the use of iced desserts
to 16th century France?
helped to spread the use of iced desserts
to 17th century England?
designed a machine that could make ice cream in a few minutes?
helped to make ice cream widely available
to the 20th century public?
Entretenidos tanto el artículo como
la actividad !! En la página
siguiente, Mr. Grammar explicará diferentes usos y alternativas
para los NOUNS (sustantivos) ...