Curso First Certificate Exam

LOS CURSOS DE INGLES GRATIS PREFERIDOS POR LOS HISPANOHABLANTES

 

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Passive

 

 

 

HOW TO FORM THE PASSIVE

Can you remember how to form the passive? Check below the highlighted passive forms in these two sentences:

Japan has a large number of volcanoes, sixty-seven of which are considered active.

Since the 1960s Japan has been one of the leading industrial nations: steel, ships, cars, cameras, electronic equipment, plastics, chemicals, etc. are produced.

The passive form of the verb is made with the verb to be, in the appropriate tense, followed by the past participle:

Traditional products have been replaced by industrial ones.

European trade with Japan was begun in 1542.

Japan was being ruled by a dictator when the Portuguese came in 1542.

Japanese working methods will be studied by foreign businessmen.

ACTIVE AND PASSIVE SENTENCES

The object of an active verb becomes the subject of a passive verb:

ACTIVE:
Industrial products have replaced traditional ones.

PASSIVE:
Traditional products have been replaced by industrial ones.

In sentences like Japan was being ruled by a dictator, the part of the sentence introduced by by is called the agent.

IMPORTANT: The agent in a passive sentence is the same person or thing as the subject of an active sentence: A dictator was ruling Japan.

In many passive sentences there is no agent, because in these sentences it is usually not important to say who or what something is done by:

Sixty-seven volcanoes in Japan are considered active.

 

ACTIVITY 81: Match each sentence (1-10) with an appropriate passive ending (a-j). Then check the correct answers.

1

The heatwave

A

was first reached in 1953.

2

Before it rains, the grapes

B

will be flooded.

3

By 1980 large areas of rainforest

C

is going to be provided with fresh water.

4

If the rain continues, the low-lying villages

D

expected to continue for several weeks.

5

A new map of the highland areas

E

is being drawn.

6

It's the first time a woman

F

must be picked.

7

The summit of Mount Everest

G

were being counted

8

This week's earthquake victims

H

has been elected president there.

9

The candidates looked nervous when the votes

I

had already been destroyed.

10

Next year the desert region

J

have been given temporary accommodation.

 

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En la página siguiente tendrás la oportunidad de continuar practicando las formas pasivas ...

 

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