CAE :: Lesson 10

LOS CURSOS DE INGLES GRATIS PREFERIDOS POR LOS HISPANOHABLANTES

 

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Use of English

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1.

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8.

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a.

... completado las 40 lecciones y el test parcial que componen este curso.

b.

... alcanzado los 90 días como estudiante registrado.

 

Emphasizing 1: Inversion construction

 

 

 

In formal English, especially in writing, we sometimes change the normal word order to make the sentence more emphatic or dramatic. Let us see how we can do it using the inversion construction...

STRUCTURE # 1

This structure is common with negative adverbial expressions such as Not only..., Not until..., Never..., and No sooner... than (= a formal way of saying as soon as).

When we use inversion after the above expressions, we change the order of the subject and (auxiliary) verb NOT  Not only my brother is lazy...

Compare:

My brother is not only lazy, but he's also very selfish.
(= normal word order)
Not only is my brother lazy, but he's also very selfish.
(= inversion to make sentence more emphatic)

1.

Not only is my brother lazy, (but) he's also very selfish.

2.

Not until you can behave like an adult will we treat you like an adult.

3.

Never have I heard such a ridiculous argument.

4.

No sooner had the football match started than it began to snow heavily.

STRUCTURE # 2

In the present simple and past simple tense, rather than simply inverting the subject and verb we use do / does / did + subject + main verb NOT  Not only forgot you to shut the window.  Check the examples below:

1.

Not only did you forget to shut the window, (but) you also forgot to lock the door!

2.

Not until you become a parent yourself do you understand what it really means.

STRUCTURE # 3

The inversion construction is also used after the expressions Only then..., Only when..., Hardly / Scarcely... when, and Rarely...

1.

The train began to move. Only then was I able to relax.

2.

Only when you leave home do you realize how expensive everything is.

3.

Hardly had I sat down when the train began to move.

4.

Rarely have I met a more irritating person.

NOTE: Inversion construction should only be used occasionally for dramatic effect. Overusing it will make your English sound unnatural.

On the next page you will be able to practise this grammar.

 
 

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