CAE :: Lesson 22



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Use of English

Para que este curso CAE ADVANCED te resulte efectivo, trata de cumplir estos pasos: 


Lee aquí las instrucciones de este curso y conoce aquí los símbolos que lo componen.


Lee aquí si no ves las consolas de audio o no escuchas el sonido de las lecciones.


Realiza todas las actividades de cada unidad de estudio y consulta las respuestas.


Puedes consultar el diccionario Babylon ubicado en la parte superior de la columna derecha.


Solicita aquí tu examen final cuando termines las 40 lecciones y el test parcial de este curso.


Have - Have got




The verb HAVE / HAVE GOT is one of the most common verbs in English and can be used in so many different ways that it can be confusing at times. Let us revise its grammar with example sentences...


Use have as a main verb for possession. Have with this meaning is a stative (non-action) verb and is not used in continuous tenses. You can use auxiliaries do / did to make questions and negatives.


Mr Dessy has a luxurious country house in New York.


Does your sister have a baby girl?

Use have + object as a main verb for actions, e.g. have a bath, a drink, a chat, etc. Have with this meaning is a dynamic (action) verb and can be used in continuous tenses.


He doesn't have dinner at home.


Are you having breakfast?

Use have as the auxiliary verb to form the present perfect simple and continuous. Make questions by inverting have and the subject, and negatives with haven't / hasn't. We also use have for other perfect forms, e.g. the future perfect, the perfect infinitive, etc.


They have been married for 15 years.


How long has Anna been going out with James?

Use have to when you want to express obligation, especially obligation imposed by others, and rules and regulations. Have to is a main verb.


Do we have to spend Christmas with your parents again?


Does your wife have to work today?

Use have + object + past participle to say that you ask or pay another person to do something for you. Have here is a main verb, not an auxiliary verb, e.g. Where do you have your hair cut?


We're going to have the kitchen repainted next week.


I had my eyes tested when I got my new glasses.


You can also use have got for possession. The meaning is exactly the same as have. And now pay attention to this:
a) Have here is an auxiliary verb so make questions by inverting have and the subject and negatives with haven't / hasn't.
b) Have got has a present meaning. We use had for the past, NOT  had got .
c) Have got is very common in informal spoken and written English.


How many children have they got?


I've got three children, two boys and a girl.

Use have got to to express obligation, especially in informal spoken and written English. Have got to is normally used for a specific obligation rather than a general or repeated obligation. Compare:
I've got to make a phone call >> specific.
I have to wear a suit to work >> general.


I've got to go now - I'm meeting my girlfriend for lunch.


You have to keep on practising listening.

On the next page you will be able to practise this grammar.


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