CAE :: Lesson 22

LOS CURSOS DE INGLES GRATIS PREFERIDOS POR LOS HISPANOHABLANTES

 

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Conditional sentences

 

 

 

Let us revise now the conditional sentences...

REAL AND UNREAL CONDITIONAL

This kind of conditional sentence (Type 1) is used to talk about a possible present or future situation and its result. You can use any present tense in the if clause and any form of the future in the other clause.

1.

They won't get a table unless they've already booked.

2.

Can I borrow your dictionary a moment if you're not using it?

3.

If it stops raining, I'm going to walk into town.

You can use Type 2 conditional sentences to talk about hypothetical or improbable situations in the present or future. You can use the past tense (simple or continuous) in the if clause and would + infinitive (or could / might) in the other clause.

4.

How would you know if he wasn't telling the truth?

5.

If we had a bit more time here, we could go on an all-day river trip.

Type 3 conditional sentences are used to talk about a hypothetical situation in the past. You can use the past perfect (simple or continuous) in the if clause and would have + infinitive (or could / might have) in the other clause.

6.

I would have picked you up if I had known what time your flight arrived.

7.

If I'd been looking where I was going, I would've seen the hole in the road.

MIXED CONDITIONALS

If we want to refer to the present and the past in the same sentence, we can mix tenses from two different types of conditional. Examples:
I wouldn't be in this mess
(type 2) if I had listened to your advice (type 3).
Jane would have left Mike by now (type 3) if she didn't still love him (type 2).

1.

I wouldn't be in this mess if I had listened to your advice.

2.

Jane would have left Mike by now if she didn't still love him.

ALTERNATIVES TO IF IN CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

Now check below the different alternatives:

1.

I'll tell you what happened as long as / so long as you promise not to tell anyone else.

 

Provided / Providing (that) the bank lends us all the money we need, we're going to buy that flat we liked.

 

They agreed to lend us the car on condition (that) we returned it by the weekend.

2.

I'm going to sell the car whether you agree with me or not.

3.

Even if I get the job, I'm going to carry on living with my parents for a while.

4.

Supposing you lost your job, what would you do?

5.

Had I known that you were coming, I would have bought a bottle of wine.

On the next page you will be able to practise this grammar.

 
 

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