CAE :: Lesson 34

LOS CURSOS DE INGLES GRATIS PREFERIDOS POR LOS HISPANOHABLANTES

 

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Use of English

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1.

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8.

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a.

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b.

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Structure verb + object + infinite/gerund

 

 

 

VERB + OBJECT + TO INFINITIVE

We often use the following verbs + object + to infinitive: ask, advise, allow, beg, cause, enable, encourage, expect, force, help, intend, invite, mean, order, persuade, recommend, remind, take (expressing time), teach, tell and warn.

After advise, persuade, remind, teach, tell, and warn you can also use an object + that clause, e.g. He advised me that I should stay off work for two weeks.

After the verb recommend you can use two alternatives:
a) object + to infinitive, e.g. He recommended me to take some cash.
b) a that clause, e.g. He recommended that I took some cash.

But you can't use recommend + object + that clause:
e.g. NOT  He recommended me that I took some cash .

1.

We expect the flight to arrive at 19.50.

2.

It took me ages to get there.

3.

He advised him not to travel by train.

We also often use object + infinitive with want, would like, would love, would prefer, would hate. After these verbs a that clause is impossible.
NOT   I would hate that you drink alcohol .

4.

I would hate you to think that I don't appreciate your offer of help.

5.

I would like you to send me the bill.

After some verbs including arrange, ask, plan, and wait we put for immediately after the verb before the object + to infinitive.

6.

I'm waiting for my friend to arrive.

7.

We've arranged for a taxi to come at 6.30.

VERB + OBJECT + BARE INFINITIVE

We call bare infinitive to an infinitive without to.

We can use object + bare infinitive after let, make, and help. The verb help can be followed by object + to infinitive or bare infinitive. e.g. She helped me (to) make the dinner.

When the structure make somebody do something is used in the passive voice, it is followed by the to infinitive. e.g. We were made to clean our rooms every morning.

1.

Please let me explain!

2.

He made me feel really guilty.

3.

Can you help me do the washing up?

VERB + OBJECT + GERUND

Finally let us check this structure using the –ING form:

4.

Please don't keep me waiting!

5.

I dislike people telling me what to do.

6.

I don't mind you smoking in the garden, but not in the house.

On the next page you will be able to practise this grammar.

 

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