Just for revision, let us compare these two
ACTIVE:Anita Roddick opened the
first branch of The BodyShop in 1976. PASSIVE: The first branch of The Body
Shop was openedin1976.
The two sentences have the same meaning, but
the emphasis is different:
In an active sentence, we are more interested
in the person or thing doing the action (the agent).In a passive sentence, we are more interested in the person or thing affected by the action. If we want to mention the
agent, we use by:
The first branch of The Body Shop was opened byAnita Roddick in 1976.
But often the agent is not important:
Our products are madeentirely of recycled materials. - Maria has beenpromoted.
There are passive forms of most verb tenses:
Present simple:Every item
is checkedfor quality. - Present continuous:Whole forests are being destroyed. - Present perfect:Nothing
has been touchedsince you left. - Past simple:The company
was foundedin 1903. - Past continuous:The machinery
- Past perfect:An
intelligent decision hadbeen reached at the meeting.
After will, can, may, must, should, could, ought to etc. we use be + past participle:
The designs will be finished by the end of the week.
The new computer should be delivered on Friday.
Complete the following passage choosing the appropriate
passive alternatives from the menus below.
BUSINESS AND THE ENVIRONMENT
In 1993 a campaign by the United
Kingdom government to reduce the amount of domestic
Households to recycle waste products
and to sort and prepare them for collection at
Only a few items of domestic waste can't
common example is disposable nappies which, as
their name suggests, have
In glass products the situation is more encouraging
as nearly 20% of the glass
every year in the country
recycling. It is really clear that the quantities
of waste will only decrease if efforts
both by households and also by government authorities.
Special equipment such as collection trucks must
However the question remains: will the United
Kingdom government's target of a
in the near future? Only time will