CPE :: Lesson 10

LOS CURSOS DE INGLES GRATIS PREFERIDOS POR LOS HISPANOHABLANTES

 

LECCION 10 - PAGINA 1   índice del curso   página siguiente

Use of English

Para que este curso CPE PROFICIENCY resulte efectivo, cumple estos pasos: 

1.

Este curso tiene dos alternativas para escuchar el audio de las lecciones:

a.

Pulsa este ícono si navegas con un dispositivo móvil, iPAD o tablet.

b.

  Pulsa este ícono si navegas con una PC, notebook o netbook.

2.

Realiza todas las actividades y ejercicios de cada unidad de estudio.

3.

  Pulsa este ícono para abrir y consultar las respuestas correctas.

4.

Pulsa el enlace índice del curso – ubicado en la parte superior e inferior de cada página – para pasar a una nueva lección.

5.

Consulta el diccionario Babylon ubicado arriba de la columna derecha.

6.

Lee aquí las instrucciones del curso y conoce aquí sus símbolos.

7.

Lee aquí si no ves las consolas de audio o no escuchas el sonido.

8.

Solicita aquí tu examen final sólo cuando hayas...

a.

... completado las 40 lecciones y el test parcial que componen este curso.

b.

... alcanzado los 90 días como estudiante registrado.

 

Common errors

 

 

Verb Errors - Part 3/4

This section of our course will review those errors most commonly presented in the CPE and teach you what to look for. We will not review here the basic rules of grammar, such as the formation and use of the different tenses and the passive voice, the subjective and objective cases of pronouns, the position of adjectives and adverbs, and the like. We assume that a candidate for the CPE is familiar with basic grammar, and we will concentrate on error recognition based on that knowledge.

6. Errors in negative imperatives

Note the two forms for negative imperatives:

a. Please don't do that.
b. Would you please not do that.

INCORRECT

Would you please don't smoke here.

CORRECT

Please don't smoke here.

 

or

CORRECT

Would you please not smoke here.

7. Errors in affirmative and negative agreement of verbs

Note the two correct forms for affirmative agreement:

a. I am an American and so is she.
b. I am an American and she is too.

a. Mary likes Bach and so does John.
b. Mary likes Bach and John does too.

a. My father will be there and so will my mother.
b. My father will be there and my mother will too.

INCORRECT

I have seen the film and she also has.

CORRECT

I have seen the film and so has she.

 

or

CORRECT

I have seen the film and she has too.

Note the two correct forms for negative agreement:

a. I'm not American and he isn't either.
b. I'm not American and neither is he.

a. Mary doesn't like Bach and John doesn't either.
b. Mary doesn't like Bach and neither does John.

a. My father won't be there and my mother won't either.
b. My father won't be there and neither will my mother.

INCORRECT

I haven't seen the film and she hasn't neither.

CORRECT

I haven't seen the film and she hasn't either.

 

or

CORRECT

I haven't seen the film and neither has she.

8. Errors of infinitives/gerunds in the complement of verbs

Some verbs may be followed by either an infinitive or a gerund:

I love swimming at night.
I love to swim at night.


Other verbs, however, may require either one or the other for idiomatic reasons. Following is a list of the more commonly used verbs in this category:

Verbs requiring an INFINITIVE:

agree
decide
expect
fail
hope
want
intend
learn
plan
promise
refuse

Verbs requiring a GERUND:

admit
appreciate
avoid
consider
deny
enjoy
finish
practice
quit
regret
risk
stop

Phrases requiring a GERUND:

approve of
be better off
can't help
count on

do not mind
forget about
insist on
get through

keep on
look forward to
think about
think of

INCORRECT

I intend learning French next semester.

CORRECT

I intend to learn French next semester.

INCORRECT

I have stopped to smoke.

CORRECT

I have stopped smoking.

INCORRECT

We are looking forward to see you.

CORRECT

We are looking forward to seeing you.

This revision will be continued in Lesson 14.

 

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