CPE :: Lesson 14

LOS CURSOS DE INGLES GRATIS PREFERIDOS POR LOS HISPANOHABLANTES

 

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Verbs followed by infinitive and ing form

 

 

 

We are going to revise a small number of verbs that can be followed either by the infinitive or by the –ing form.

WITH NO DIFFERENCE IN MEANING

Begin, can't bear, cease, commence, continue, hate, intend, like, love, propose, start:

I've just started to learn / learning to ski.
He had intended to leave / leaving the party before midnight.

IMPORTANT: With the verbs like, love, hate there can be this slight difference in meaning:

I like to clean my car every week.
( = focus on the result of the activity)
I like cleaning my car even/ week.
( = focus on the activity itself, i.e. I enjoy cleaning it)

WITH DIFFERENT MEANINGS

SEE (verbs expressing perception = infinitive without to).

1. We saw the plane take off.
  
 ( = We saw the whole action or process)
2. We saw the plane taking off.
   
( = We saw only part of the process)

FORGET

1. I forgot to phone my brother
   
( = I didn't phone him.)
2. I'll never forget phoning my sister that night.
    ( = I phoned her and I recall it well.)

REMEMBER

1. Tom remembered to close the windows before he left.
    ( = He did something lie had to do; he didn't forget.)
2. Tom remembered closing the windows before he left.
    ( = He recalled doing it.)

GO ON

1. He won his first race at six and went on to break the world record.
    ( = Breaking the world record was something he did later.)
2. He went on walking even though he was exhausted.
    ( = He didn't stop walking.)

MEAN

1. I'm sorry, I didn't mean to be rude.
    ( = intend)
2. If we want to catch the early train, it'll mean getting up at 5.00.
   
( = involve)

REGRET

1. I regret to inform you that you have not passed the test this time.
    ( = be sorry about something you are about to say - often bad news)
2. We now regrets taking the day off work.
    ( = He wishes he hadn't taken the day off work.)

STOP

1. We'd better stop to look at the map.
    ( = stop what you are doing in order to do something else)
2. There's nothing you can do about it so stop worrying.
    ( = finish worrying)

TRY

1. I've been trying to repair my computer all morning.
    ( = attempt something difficult)
2. Have you tried kicking it?
    ( = do something which might solve a problem)

On the next page you will be able to practise this grammar.

 

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