CPE :: Lesson 17



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ACTIVITY 81: You are going to read extracts A-D from a magazine. For questions 1-5, choose the passage which you think best fits according to the text. Then check the correct answers.





The 21st century is the age of mass production, mechanisation, and automation. More women go out to work and less baking is done at home. For many, the factory loaf provides a convenient answer to today's needs as it is wrapped and sliced ready to use. However, although one would not really wish to bring back the so-called "good old days", it would be satisfying to bring back the good things associated with times gone by, such as the slower pace of life, fresh flavoursome food and home baking. Breadmaking is one of the basics and also one of the most rewarding aspects of home baking. Do not be inhibited by the aura surrounding it: once mastered, breadmaking is simple.


Today, over 80% of the bread sold in Britain is produced in factories. It's soft and white and handily wrapped. All but about 5% of the rest is made with the same characterless flour, supplied by the milling monopolies which control our bread industry. So wherever it comes from, it all tastes much the same. A revolt against this dismal standardisation is now gathering momentum. All over the country people are again making their own bread. Indeed, the author has been doing so for about fifteen years.





Eat more bread: it's cheap! It's nourishing! Nowhere in the great wheat-producing countries of the world can you buy good, fresh, wholesome bread as cheaply as you can in Britain. It is baked in spotlessly clean bakeries by skilled bakers who know how to make bread light, delicious and nourishing. Eat more white or brown bread; it is all highly nutritious and recommended by the best medical authorities.


I determined to have a try at baking. My cookery book was discouraging, making it seem that to cook a loaf of bread was like carrying out some chemical experiment. With beginner's luck, I produced some lovely rolls. These were placed on the table within reach of Arthur at dinner. "Good roll, this." he said, trying one. "Where did you get them? A new baker?" "Yes." I said, as casually as my bursting pride would allow me, "I made them myself." "Do you mean to tell me," he exclaimed, "that this thing is only flour and water?" Holding it up in amazement, he added, "Then what on earth do they do to the bread in the shops?"



Extracts A and B differ on the subject of...


A.     the convenience of commercial bread.
B.     the quality of home-baked bread.
C.     the present trend in home baking.
   the origins of most modern bread.


Extract C contradicts the first two extracts by stating that commercial bread is...


A.     cheap.
B.     light.
C.     delicious.


The first three extracts all agree that bread should be...


A.     convenient.
B.     nourishing.
C.     fresh.


The writer of extract D...


A.     agrees with extract C.
B.     supports the criticism of commercial bread.
C.     emphasises the health value of home-baked bread.
   shows that home bakers are proud people.


Extracts A, B and D share the opinion that...

  A.     breadmaking is not as difficult as people think.
B.     only the best ingredients should be used in breadmaking.
C.     home baking can be a fascinating hobby.
   the mystery surrounding breadmaking should be respected.

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