CPE :: Lesson 29



LECCION 29 - PAGINA 1   índice del curso   página siguiente

Reading and writing

Para que este curso CPE PROFICIENCY resulte efectivo, cumple estos pasos: 


Este curso tiene dos alternativas para escuchar el audio de las lecciones:


Realiza todas las actividades y ejercicios de cada unidad de estudio.


  Pulsa este ícono para abrir y consultar las respuestas correctas.


Pulsa el enlace índice del curso – ubicado en la parte superior e inferior de cada página – para pasar a una nueva lección.


Consulta el diccionario Babylon ubicado arriba de la columna derecha.


Lee aquí las instrucciones del curso y conoce aquí sus símbolos.


Lee aquí si no ves las consolas de audio o no escuchas el sonido.


Solicita aquí tu examen final sólo cuando hayas...


... completado las 40 lecciones y el test parcial que componen este curso.


... alcanzado los 90 días como estudiante registrado.



ACTIVITY 136: You are going to read a magazine article about drunken driving. After reading, choose the best alternative (A, B, C or D) to answer questions 1-5 according to what you read. Then check the correct answers.


Drunken driving - sometimes called America's socially accepted form of murder - has become a national epidemic. Every hour of every day about three Americans on average are killed by drunken drivers, adding up to an incredible 250,000 over the past decade.

A drunken driver is usually defined as one with a 0.10 blood alcohol content or roughly three beers, glasses of wine or shots of whisky drunk within two hours. Heavy drinking used to be an acceptable part of the American macho image and judges were lenient in most courts, but the drunken slaughter has recently caused so many well-publicised tragedies, especially involving young children, that public opinion is no longer so tolerant.

Twenty states have raised the legal drinking age to 21, reversing a trend in the 1960s to reduce it to 18. After New Jersey lowered it to 18, the number of people killed by 18-20-year-old drivers more than doubled, so the state recently upped it back to 21.
Reformers, however, fear raising the drinking age will have little effect unless accompanied by educational programmes to help young people to develop "responsible attitudes" about drinking and teach them to resist peer pressure to drink.
Tough new laws have led to increased arrests and tests and, in many areas already, to a marked decline in fatalities. Some states are also penalising bars for serving customers too many drinks. A tavern in Massachusetts was fined for serving six or more double brandies to a customer who was "obviously intoxicated" and later drove off the road, killing a nine-year-old boy.
As the fatalities continue to occur daily in every state, some Americans are even beginning to speak well of the 13 years of national prohibition of alcohol that began in 1919, what President Hoover called the "noble experiment". They forget that legal prohibition didn't stop drinking, but encouraged political corruption and organised crime. As with the booming drug trade generally, there is no easy solution.



Drunken driving has become a major problem in America because...


A.     most Americans are heavy drinkers.
B.     Americans are now less shocked by road accidents.
C.     accidents attract so much publicity.
   drinking is a socially accepted habit in America.


Why has public opinion regarding drunken driving changed?


A.     Detailed statistics are now available.
B.     The news media have highlighted the problem.
C.     Judges are giving more severe sentences.
   Drivers are more conscious of their image.


Statistics issued in New Jersey suggested that...


A.     many drivers were not of legal age.
B.     young drivers were often bad drivers.
C.     the level of drinking increased in the 1960s.
   the legal drinking age should be raised.


Laws recently introduced in some states have...


A.     reduced the number of convictions.
B.     resulted in fewer serious accidents.
C.     prevented bars from serving drunken customers.
   specified the amount drivers can drink.


 Why is the problem of drinking and driving difficult to solve?


A.     Alcohol is easily obtained.
B.     Drinking is linked to organised crime.
C.     Legal prohibition has already failed.
   Legislation alone is not sufficient.


LECCION 29 - PAGINA 1   índice del curso   página siguiente