CPE :: Lesson 38

LOS CURSOS DE INGLES GRATIS PREFERIDOS POR LOS HISPANOHABLANTES

 

LECCION 38 - PAGINA 1   índice del curso   página siguiente

Use of English

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1.

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8.

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a.

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b.

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Writing: Review of errors

 

 

Errors in Usage - Part 2/2

This section of our course will review those errors most commonly presented in the CPE and teach you what to look for. We will not review here the basic rules of grammar, such as the formation and use of the different tenses and the passive voice, the subjective and objective cases of pronouns, the position of adjectives and adverbs, and the like. We assume that a candidate for the CPE is familiar with basic grammar, and we will concentrate on error recognition based on that knowledge.

8. Errors of commonly confused words

Following are some of the more commonly misused words in English:

a.

to lie
to lie
to lay

lied
lay
laid

lied
lain
laid

lying
lying
laying

to tell an untruth
to recline
to put down

 

 

 

 

 

IDIOMATIC USAGE:
chickens lay eggs; lay the table;
lay a bet.

b.

to rise
to arise
to raise

rose
arose
raised

risen
arisen
raised

rising
arising
raising

to go up; to get up
to wake up; to get up
to lift; to bring up

 

 

 

 

 

IDIOMATIC USAGE:
a problem has arisen; raise children; raise vegetables; raise money.

c.

to set
to sit

set
sat

set
sat

setting
sitting

to put down
to be into a sitting position

 

 

 

 

 

IDIOMATIC USAGE:
set a date; set the table;
set the clock; the sun sets.

d.

to let
to leave

let
left

let
left

letting
leaving

to allow; to rent
to go away

 

INCORRECT

He was laying in bed all day yesterday.

CORRECT

He was lying in bed all day yesterday.

INCORRECT

It had laid in the closet for a week before we found it.

CORRECT

It had lain in the closet for a week before we found it.

INCORRECT

The price of gas has raised three times last year.

CORRECT

The price of gas rose three times last year.

 

OR

CORRECT

The price of gas was raised three times last year.

INCORRECT

He raised slowly from his chair.

CORRECT

He arose slowly from his chair.

INCORRECT

We just set around the house all day.

CORRECT

We just sat around the house all day.

INCORRECT

His mother wouldn't leave him go with us.

CORRECT

His mother wouldn't let him go with us.

9. Errors of misused words and prepositional idioms

a. IN SPITE OF  /  DESPITE
The two expressions are synonymous; use either one or the other.

INCORRECT

They came despite of the rain.

CORRECT

They came in spite of the rain.

 

OR

CORRECT

They came despite the rain.

b. SCARCELY  /  BARELY  /  HARDLY.
All three words mean almost not at all; do NOT use a negative with them.

INCORRECT

I hardly never see him.

CORRECT

I hardly ever see him.

INCORRECT

He has scarcely no money.

CORRECT

He has scarcely any money.

c. Note and memorize the PREPOSITIONS in these common idioms:

agree/disagree with

be interested in

approve/disapprove of

dependent on

capable/incapable of

except for

be bored with

independent of

be afraid of

in the habit of

be conscious of

next to

be ashamed of

related to

be equal to

similar to

d. Be careful with the verb COMPARE:

compare to    

point out similarities between things of a different order.

compare with

point out differences between things of the same order.   

This revision has been completed.

 

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