ARTICLES - ANSWERS TO "WEEKEND SHORT STORY"

1.

From 2000 BC to 1800 AD, many people in England ... 

  spent a holy day.
  spend a holiday.

2.

What did they do on this special day?

  They usually rest and pray.
  They spent the day resting and praying.

3.

What did many workers use to do from 1800 to 1840?

  They played games on Sundays.
  They have fun on Sundays.

4.

Why didn't they go to work on blue Mondays?

   Because they felt too tired. 
   Because they couldn't play games. 

5.

Which was the beginning of the weekend in England?

  On Sundays, they worked till one o'clock.
 
Work stopped at one o'clock on Saturdays.

6.

Which was the beginning of the weekend in the U.S.?

  Workers began to stop working on Saturday afternoons.
 
Work stopped on Saturdays.

7.

What happened by 1930? 

  Offices were closed on Saturday afternoons all year.
  Offices were closed on Saturday afternoons in the summer.

8.

What happened by 1940? 

  Factories were closed all day Sunday.
  T
he two-day weekend began in the U.S. 

9.

What did people do on those first weekends?

  They went to the theater and took walks in the park.
  They worked at home and had fun.

TRANSCRIPTION AND TRANSLATION

2000 B.C. - 1800 A.D.
Many people spent one day a week on religion. This was called a "holy day" in England, and the English word holiday comes from this expression. On this day people rested and prayed.

2000 A.C. - 1800 D.C.
Muchas personas pasaban un día religioso a la semana. A este día se le llamaba "día santo" en Inglaterra, y la palabra inglesa holiday deriva justamente de esta expresión. Durante este día la gente descansaba y oraba.

1800 - 1840
Sunday was the "holy" day. But many workers used this day to play games and have fun. And then they didn't go to work on Monday morning because they felt too tired. In the U.S., workers called these days "blue Mondays."
1800 - 1840
El día domingo era el día "sagrado". Pero muchos trabajadores lo aprovechaban para jugar y divertirse. Y luego no iban a trabajar en la mañana del lunes porque se sentían demasiado cansados. En los Estados Unidos los trabajadores denominaban a estos días "lunes melancólicos".

1874
In England, Saturday afternoon became a holiday. Work stopped at one o'clock. This was the beginning of the weekend in England. Around 1900 in the U.S., workers began to take off Saturday afternoons in the summer. Then, by 1930, most offices were closed on Saturday afternoons all year.
1874
En Inglaterra la tarde del sábado se convirtió en feriado. Las tareas se detenían a la una en punto. Este fue el comienzo del fin de semana en Inglaterra. Alrededor del 1900 en los Estados Unidos los trabajadores comenzaron a tomarse libres las tardes de los sábados en verano. Luego, hacia 1930, la mayoría de las oficinas se encontraban cerradas el sábado por la tarde durante todo el año.

1940
Offices and factories were closed all day Saturday, and the two-day weekend began in the U.S. What did people do on those first weekends? They went to the theater or the movies. They took the train and visited their friends. They took walks in the park. They relaxed and had fun.
 
1940
Las oficinas y las fábricas se cerraban todo el día sábado y comenzó en Estados Unidos el fin de semana de dos días. ¿Qué hacía la gente en esos primeros fines de semana? Iba al teatro o al cine. Tomaba el tren para visitar a sus amistades. Paseaba por el parque. Se relajaba y divertía.

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