ANSWERS (SCORE ONE MARK FOR EACH CORRECT ANSWER)

 

MINI TALK # 1

AUDIO TRANSCRIPTION:
Let's begin with a brief review of yesterday's lecture before we continue. As you will recall, Captain James Cook, at the age of forty, was commissioned by England to explore the Pacific Ocean.

On his third exploratory voyage, as captain in charge of two ships, the Resolution and the Discovery, he came upon a group of uncharted islands which he named the Sandwich Islands as a tribute to his good friend, the Earl of Sandwich. Today the islands are known as the Hawaiian Islands.

When Cook sailed into a protected bay of one of the larger islands, the natives greeted him with curiosity and respect. Some historians contend that the islanders welcomed him, believing that he was the god Launo, protector of peace and agriculture.

The islanders were short, strong people, with a very well-organized social system. The men fished and raised crops including taro, coconuts, sweet potatoes, and sugar cane. The women cared for the children and made clothing that consisted of loin cloths for the men and short skirts for the women.

Poi was the staple food, made from taro root. It has been suggested that the seeds of taro and other crops had been brought from Polynesia centuries before.

The natives were especially eager to exchange food and supplies for iron nails and tools, and Captain Cook was easily able to restock his ship before he sailed.

Because of a severe storm in which the Resolution was damaged, it was necessary to return to Hawaii. Now sure that Cook and his crew were men and not gods, the natives welcomed them less hospitably. Besides, diseases brought by the English had reached epidemic proportions. When a small boat was stolen from the Discovery, Cook demanded that the king be taken as a hostage until the boat was returned.

In the fighting that followed, Cook and four other crewmen were killed. Within a week the ship had been repaired, and on February 22, 1779, both ships departed again.

Today we will begin a discussion of the kingdom of Hawaii in the nineteenth century and of its eventual annexation to the United States.

 
 

QUESTION # 36

AUDIO TRANSCRIPTION:
According to the lecturer, what were the two ships commanded by Captain Cook?

B.

Resolution and the Discovery.

 
 

QUESTION # 37

AUDIO TRANSCRIPTION:
How old was Captain Cook when he was commissioned to explore the Pacific Ocean?

D.

Forty years old.

 
 

QUESTION # 38

AUDIO TRANSCRIPTION:
What did Captain Cook trade in exchange for food and supplies?

A.

Iron nails and tools.

 
 

QUESTION # 39

AUDIO TRANSCRIPTION:
It was believed that the seeds and plants on the islands had originally come from where?

B.

Polynesia.

 
 

QUESTION # 40

AUDIO TRANSCRIPTION:
What did the native women do?

C.

They cared for the children and made clothing.

 

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